Break a Hip and Die! The Impact of Osteoporosis

Even a minor accident or fall could result in a potentially disabling fracture for as many as 60 percent of Canadian women over age 50. That’s just one of the disturbing findings of the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study (CAMOS), a major, ongoing study of osteoporosis involving more than 9,000 people across Canada. This study is made possible by a recently renewed grant from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR).

Although common in older people, osteoporosis is often not diagnosed or treated, according to CAMOS researchers. “We found a significant ‘osteoporosis care gap,’” says principal investigator, Dr. Alan Tenenhouse, Director of the Division of Bone Metabolism, Department of Medicine, McGill University Health Centre (MUHC). “Many cases of osteoporosis, especially in men, go undetected.” People with untreated osteoporosis are at high risk for fractures. Hip fractures are particularly dangerous. About one quarter of the 25,000 Canadians who fracture a hip die within a year of their injury. Only half ever regain normal function.

“Other fractures, including spinal fractures, also have a very negative impact on quality of life,” says Dr. Tenenhouse. “ That’s disturbing, because X-rays showed at least 15 percent of men and women over age 50 in our study had spinal fractures, although many of these did not cause symptoms. “We found that even being diagnosed with osteoporosis caused a decline in quality of life, because people with the condition worry about the threat of fractures. The objective of CAMOS is to free older people in Canada from this threat.” Phase 2 of CAMOS is now underway. To assist them in their work, researchers will be using a made-in-Canada reference standard for bone density developed during the first phase of CAMOS.

“We are studying factors that promote maximum bone size and strength during youth, and the relationship between bone mass in youth to bone loss in older people,” says Dr. Tenenhouse. “Understanding these processes and relationships is essential to the development of an effective strategy for fracture prevention. Ultimately, we hope CAMOS will help us develop better ways to reduce the human and economic impact of osteoporosis.” Osteoporosis, sometimes called porous bone disease or brittle bone disease, is characterized by reduced bone density and strength. The disorder affects as many as one in four Canadians over age 50, and is associated with increased risk of disabling fractures of the vertebrae, ribs, wrists and hips. Osteoporosis costs the Canadian economy an estimated $1 billion annually, and that figure is expected to double over the next 30 years as the population ages.

While walking is one of the healthiest and most popular exercises, it also results in more trips to the emergency room for women than any other non-equipment exercise, a University of Arkansas study revealed. The study, conducted by associate health science professors Ches Jones and Lori Turner, has been accepted for publication in the summer 2005 issue of the “Journal of Women and Aging.” Jones presented the results at the 7th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion held recently in Vienna, Austria.

Jones and Turner studied data gathered by the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS). The NEISS compiles reports from over 100 emergency rooms across the nation, then estimates the frequency of each type of injury. The study looked at data from 851 reported injuries from 1994 to 2001. The researchers focused on emergency room visits among women age 65 years and older, who were injured while doing non-equipment exercise. Non-equipment exercise refers to any activity done without equipment, such as walking, aerobics, hiking, swimming, stretching, yoga or tai chi. “We looked at how people exercise without equipment,” Jones said. “We asked, ‘How can people get injured that way?’” Walking was the most common non-equipment activity cited in the study and also was linked most frequently to injury. Falls were the major cause of injuries, according to Jones. “Environmental hazards were a big issue — like when you’re walking or hiking, and you encounter obstacles such as street curbs, rocks, holes and even animals,” he said.

Jones was surprised at the number of non-equipment injuries, which increased each year, despite adjustments for population increases. He speculated that contributing factors include increases in activity, more active people living longer, better health care, and health care physicians prescribing activity to patients, among other things. The number of falls among older women is a concern due to the increased risk for fractures among that age group. “It brings up the question, ‘Is walking the best activity for this age group?’” Jones said. “It is obviously popular and healthy, but is it the best?”


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Women Yawn Their Way Into Heart Attacks

It’s not bad enough women are much more efficient at sucking out carbs and storing them as fat than men, but now a new study has found we have a completely different “warning” mechanism before a heart attack occurs. Dr. Jean McSweeny used her Acute and Prodromal Myocardial Infarction Symptom Survey, and discovered the most frequently reported prodromal symptom of a heart attack in women was unusual fatigue, difficulty sleeping and shortness of breath. Only 30% reported chest pain, a hallmark of an impending MI in men. Women had more acute symptoms ( meaning they had less of a lead time than men ) and their symptoms occured more frequently and intensely than men’s.In The Menopause Diet, I have discussed how sleep changes can increase your risk for a heart attack by raising insulin levels. This study helps to clarify why so many women are sent home from the ER only to suffer fatal heart attacks because their symptoms did not fit the “typical MALE profile.”If you want to read the full study, just send off an email with the subject heart through our Contact Us form and I’ll send you a PDF file of the study.

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When Are Bio-Identical Hormones Worth $3500?

The answer is NEVER, but you wouldn’t believe that if you read the article in the Southwest Airlines Read more

Rebound Weight Gain for Yo-Yo Dieters

New Study Explains Rebound Weight Gain

You read the title correctly. In a study published in the American
Journal of Human Biology, researchers studied the sad irony of obesity
in developing food-starved nations. “In the same household, you can
have a chubby kid and a starving kid,” , the lead researcher, stated.

He argues that obesity in developing nations is a result of the body’s
attempts to cope with childhood malnourishment. The phenomena is similar
to yo-yo dieting, where dieters who have deprived themselves gain weight
at faster rates than non-dieters when they begin eating normally again.

Under normal nutritional conditions, humans only absorb about 80 percent
of the nutrients from the food they eat, and the rest of the nutrients
pass through the body. But when deprived of nourishment, the body becomes
a super efficient machine, Frisancho said, pulling all the nutrients
from the food for energy. Further, because humans need a certain percentage
of body fat reserves to stay alive and because it takes more work for
the body to burn fat than carbohydrate, the body in starvation mode
learns to burn carbohydrate for energy and to store fat, rather than
to use the energy for growth.

I have never been a fan of induction stages of dieting, which are often
prolonged beyond the first two weeks of any diet. As demonstrated in
this article, continuous restriction of carbohydrates will only result
in rebound weight gain. That’s why it’s so important to choose the RIGHT
carbs to eat and to maintain a healthy ratio of about 35% of your diet
as high fiber, low glycemic carbs if you want to prevent rebound weight
gain when aiming for a maintenance, healthy diet.

Reduced rate of fat oxidation: a metabolic pathway to obesity in the
developing nations,

Am J Hum Biol. 2003 Jul-Aug;15(4):522-32.


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Healthy Life Publications Inc offers you a wide selection of books and supplements focused on giving you the power to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

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